When trading in the stock market we should not only look at whether the market is trending or consolidating but we should also deal with volatility.
Thus, it is important for the traders to understand the volatility indicators which can help them to trade more effectively.
Volatile periods in the stock markets can create big swings in the markets which can make it difficult for the traders to trade.
Extreme volatility can be seen in the market when certain news comes which are extreme.
High Volatility can be seen when the market is trending and low volatility occurs during the consolidation phase of the market.
In this blog we will discuss the top 5 Volatility Indicators that will help the traders in analysing volatility in the market:
What are Volatility Indicators?
Volatility Indicators help in gauging the periods of high and low volatility in the particular stocks or market as a whole.
The big swings created by the volatility can provide good trading opportunities to the traders
In order to know the periods of high and low volatility in the market, traders can use volatility indicators which will help them in analysing these periods.
There are certain widely used volatility indicators that help the traders to know when the volatility is high or low in the stock which we will be discussing next.
Top 5 Volatility Indicators:
Below are the Top 5 Volatility Indicators that traders should look at when analysing the market:
1. Bollinger Bands:
Bollinger Bands consist of 3 bands: the upper, lower and middle bands.
The middle band is the 20 days or bars moving average, the upper band is +2 Standard Deviation and the lower band is the -2 Standard Deviation of the middle band.
When the volatility in the market increases then these bands expand, and when the volatility decreases then these bands contract.
Traders can trade with the Bollinger bands when the prices break out from either side of the upper or lower bands after the low volatility or consolidation phase.
Watch the video below to learn more about Bollinger Bands:
2. Keltner Channel:
Keltner Channels is a volatility-based indicator that is placed on either side of the stock’s price and helps in determining the direction of a trend.
The Keltner channel uses the average-true range (ATR) with breaks above or below the top and bottom barriers that signals a continuation in the trend.
The middle line is an exponential moving average (EMA) of the price. The upper band is usually set two times the ATR above the EMA, and the lower band is set two times the ATR below the EMA.
These bands generally expand and contract as volatility which is measured by ATR expands and contracts.
3. Donchian Channel:
Donchian Channels is a popular volatility indicator determining volatility in the market prices.
This indicator is created by three lines that are generated by moving average calculations.
It consists of three bands: upper and lower bands around a median band.
The upper band shows the highest price of security whereas the lower band shows the lowest price of a security over a specific period, usually 4 weeks.
The area between the upper and lower bands is the Donchian Channel.
Traders can enter a buy trade when the prices break from the upper band and they can enter a short position when the prices break from the lower band.
You can also read 20 technical indicators you can trust while stock trading
4. Average True Range (ATR):
The ATR measures the true range of a particular number of price bars, usually 14.
ATR is a pure volatility measure that does not necessarily indicate a trend. Sometimes volatile price movement can occur inside a choppy market during an important news event.
The best way of using the ATR is as an indication of the change in the market’s nature.
A rise in ATR indicates higher trading ranges and thus an increase in volatility. Whereas low readings from the ATR indicates periods of quiet or uneventful trading.
Watch the below video to learn more about Average True Range:
5. India VIX:
Volatile Index is an index used to measure the near-term volatility expectations of the markets.
The volatility index of India is known as India Vix launched by the National Stock Exchange (NSE) in 2008.
India Vix shows the volatility of Indian markets from the perception of the investors.
When India Vix is high, it indicates higher volatility expectations which mean a significant change in Nifty and similarly lower value of India Vix indicates lower volatility expectations which mean minimal change in Nifty.
India Vix has an inverse relationship with Nifty. When India Vix falls, Nifty rises and when India Vix rises, then Nifty falls.
You can also read about more indicators in 14 Breadth Indicators that Trader should know
Volatility indicators can be excellent tools for identifying market transitions from high periods of volatility to low periods of volatility. These indicators when combined with other trending indicators such as momentum or technical indicators can form the basis of a flexible trading system.
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