How does Power of Compounding Work

How Does Power of Compounding Work

by Ankit Jaiswal on Fundamental Analysis
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Come on, let’s play “Kaun Banega Crorepati“.

Please don’t be too excited as we won’t be sending you to the sets of KBC.

But today we’ll share a secret which will surely make you a crorepati if you have a control on just one simple thing i.e. patience.

Have you ever come across the term ‘Compound Interest’? We believe that most of us know about it and must have heard or learned sometime in our school days. Let’s understand the power of compounding and how it works.

Even the very famous scientist Albert Einstein agrees on the same. He said, “Compound Interest is the eighth wonder of the world

Albert Einstein quote's

What is compounding?

Compounding is the method of generating earnings on your asset’s reinvested earnings. It works on two basic premises:
1. Reinvestment of earnings, and
2. Passage of time.

If you want to understand the power of compounding in detail opt for NSE Academy Certified Foundation of Capital Markets course.

How the power of compounding work in real life?

Let me tell you a story of one of my uncles. He invested just Rs 1000 in one of a company in the year 1980 and subscribed to 10 shares with a face value of Rs 100.

By the end of the year 2015, the initial 10 stocks subscribed in 1980 have become 9,60,000 shares.

So can you guess, which is that company?

The name of the company is WIPRO and the current valuation of my uncle’s portfolio is more than Rs 100 crores.

This is the power of compounding. In short, the bigger is the time period, the higher the power of compounding.

But we should not forget that equity as an investment class is very risky and there should be a proper research before investing in equities directly.

Let’s have a look to the investments made in various investment products like savings bank account which gives a return of about 4-6%, bank fixed deposit @ 8% and equities which provides a CAGR of around 10-15% on an average and even more, in the long run, depending upon the risk.

The chart shows the value of Rs 1000 compounded at various rates of return over time.

power of compounding

Let’s take a lesson from the extraordinary intelligence in nature. In the far east, there is a tree called Chinese Bamboo Tree.

This tree differs from most other trees in the sense that it doesn’t grow in a usual fashion.

While most of the trees grow steadily over the years, these Chinese bamboo tree doesn’t break through the ground for the first four years. The twist comes in the fifth year.

In the fifth year in a period of about five or six weeks, the Chinese bamboo tree grows at an astonishing rate and reaches up to a height of 90 feet.

power of compounding

Wow! a perfect example of patience.

The growers of the Chinese bamboo tree must have faith that if they keep watering and fertilizing the ground, there will be a day when the tree will definitely break through.

The same thing even applies to your equity investments which have a tendency to test your patience.

But if you can invest your money regularly and wait patiently over the years then one day it will surely reward you.

So anything which takes a long time to happen, it’s always better to start early.

Warren Buffett, who is the legend when it comes to investing not only believes the same but have also followed it himself.

Warren Buffett has made his first investment when he was only 11 years of age and he feels that he started late.

Warren Buffet Quote's

We can clearly see that more is the number of years, the better is the result from compounding.

Equities over a longer time frame have always outperformed the broad asset class.

The power of compounding works very well for long term investments.

If you aren’t thinking about owning a stock for 10 years, don’t even think about owning it for 10 minutes
Warren Buffett

To know more about how the power of compounding works you can watch the video below:

We would humbly request every parent that as soon as their child is born, start with the equity investment in their name which can be as small as Rs 1000 per month.

The reason is that it’s going to help them for their higher education and moreover they don’t feel that pressure to start earning as soon as they are 20 or 22 years old, which is very prevalent in India.

This is one of the reasons why we Indians lack in creativity and innovation.

As once we are over with our education, we start working in some offices since most of us don’t have enough capital to start a business or to do something creative.

The same lesson even applies to the young crowd, i.e. as soon as they start earning, they should start with their equity investment which is basically for their retirement.

Frankly speaking, it sounds weird but this is the best way to live your life happily without feeling the pinch all of a sudden.

There’s a superb advertisement by Shah Rukh Khan which says-

Large banta hai unhi choti chizo se, small milaate ja and large banaate ja….it’s your life make it large (Large things are made up of smaller parts, add up the smalls to make it large)

These words have very deep meaning so we would request you to pause for some time and ponder over it.

However, at the same time, it’s important not to put all your money in one basket.

A simple way could be to distribute your investment in debt and equity.

So when you are in the early phase of your career, you can invest up to 70% in equity markets and by the time your age increases and you go close to your retirement, reduce your portion of the investment in the equity market.

So don’t just read the blog for the sake of reading, but try to inculcate the lessons of the power of compounding in your real life as the most difficult task is starting.

We would conclude today’s blog with an awesome quote by Nicole Sobon who said-

Sometimes the hardest part isn’t letting go but rather learning to start over

Take care and keep learning!!!


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Disclaimer

Elearnmarkets.com wants to remind you that all our content is created solely for the purpose of education. No strategy, stock, commodity, fund or any other security discussed here is any way a recommendation for trading or investing. Elearnmarkets.com will not be any way responsible for trading losses incurred by any individual or entity for trading with real money. Please take advise of certified financial advisers before trading or investing.

5 comments

  • Very true!! Compounding is really the eighth wonder of the world…..So one should always think long term in investing.

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