Understanding Initial Public Offer (IPO)

by Ankit Jaiswal on Basic Finance, Equity Market

The IPO market after a gap of many years has again become the hottest sector in the Indian financial market since a lot of money has been made in the last few months. I believe that you must have applied in the recent Bandhan Bank IPO. Even if not invested, must have given a thought to invest or have done some analysis. Isn’t the IPO market seem too lucrative i.e. invest in the Initial Public Offer and sell the shares at the time of listing. Isn’t it?

To some extent, it is, but proper research is necessary before betting on listing gains. Let’s understand what is an IPO and other key aspect attached to it.

Also Read: IPO- Value or Trap?

What is an Initial Public Offer (IPO)?

Initial Public Offer is a process which enables unlisted or private companies to go public so as to raise capital either to repay debt or business expansion or for promoters to dilute stake in the company. It is a great way through which an individual can buy a stake in the company which previously was not possible.

IPO basically represents the first time, a company will financially benefit by the issue of its stock. However, post the Initial Public Offer, the underlying company will not receive any compensation but the share transfer will take place between buyers and sellers in the open market.

The underwriting investment bank introduces IPO in the market, which also helps the company in getting potential investors. Moreover, the underwriter also helps in settling the price at which it will be issued to the public. Read about IPO report on Cafe Day Enterprise limited.


How the entire procedure takes place?

Soon after the company wants to go public, it hires the investment bank to manage the entire procedure. Further, both of them decide the amount of funds to be raised, type of securities to be issued and other necessary details.

The underwriter then puts everything in a document called Red Herring Prospectus. This document contains all necessary details about the company except for the effective date and the offer price.

For what period does the issue remain open and what number of shares retail investor can apply in an IPO?

In general, the IPO is open for 3-7 days, but however, the actual number of days it will be open is decided by the issuing company and its lead manager.

The upper cap on the value of the investment made in an IPO by a retail investor stands at Rs 2,00,000.

How to decide that which IPO to opt for?

The following are the important points you should consider before investing in an Initial Public Offer-

1. Higher promoter stake is always preferable as it tells us about the sense of responsibility and preferably the promoter will try to take the company to new heights.

2. Look for the issue size of the IPO. Bigger the issue size, higher is the promoter’s capability.

3. Do not forget to conduct a background check on promoter’s capabilities.

4. Look for the projects in the pipeline and also its size as it will tell us about company’s scalability going forward.

5. Lastly, in case of big companies, do not involve in speculative gains but focus on long-term wealth creation.

You can watch the video below to understand IPO in more details:


There are both pros and cons associated with an Initial Public Offer. Hence, before you invest in an IPO, it’s always preferable to devote a lot of time into research since it will provide you with valuable insight both about the company and the people managing the same. You can learn basic insight of IPO in NSE Academy Certified Stock Market For Beginners listed under Online NSE Academy Courses on Elearnmarkets.

Read about ASBA (an application mechanism for subscribing to IPO’s.), which has become compulsory for all public issues.



Elearnmarkets.com wants to remind you that all our content is created solely for the purpose of education. No strategy, stock, commodity, fund or any other security discussed here is any way a recommendation for trading or investing. Elearnmarkets.com will not be any way responsible for trading losses incurred by any individual or entity for trading with real money. Please take advise of certified financial advisers before trading or investing.


Please leave a comment